identifier S0006
Abdullahi A. AN-NA'IM Francis M. Deng

Self-Determination and Unity: The Case of Sudan

File size 26 p.
File type pdf
Date 1996
Research paper 04/51
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Note This paper is broadly based on a study prepared by the authors for the Inter-Africa Group, a regional non-governmental organization, based in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, committed to dialogue on humanitarian and peace issues in Africa. Inter-Africa has been assisting the IGADD Mediation Committee through an informal Resource Persons Group, comprising mostly prominent personalities from the Horn of Africa region. The IGADD process in relation to Sudan is briefly explained below. All the views and conclusions presented here are the exclusive responsibility of the two authors, and are in no way to be attributed to the IGADD Mediation Committee or any other participant in the IGADD process
Description "Taking national unity to be desirable but not at any cost, the authors explore the conditionality of unity on genuine and lasting realization of the people's right to self-determination through the political stability, economic development, and social justice for all citizens of a country, both individually and collectively. While emphasizing that secession and separate statehood are not the only way for realizing a people's right to self-determination, the authors argue that this option must be considered seriously when a people is denied their right to self-determination within the country. If this right is satisfied within an existing state, it is extremely unlikely that a minority would opt for the high political, economic, and security risks of separate statehood. But without that option, a majority may have little incentive to address the grievances of the minority. Applying their analysis to the civil war in Sudan, the authors propose a clear set of criteria and mechanisms for evaluating standards of achievement for self-determination with unity within a specific time. Should the conditions of unity fail to materialize, the possibility of peaceful and orderly secession must be considered.
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Note Respect ,the Sudanese Journal for Human Rights Culture and Issues of Cultural Diversity
Southern Sudan, Self determination
Subject Addis Abeba Agreement, 1972
Conflicts, Sudan
Corporated body
The Sudanese Society for Research in Arts and Humanities
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